Bone Profile

Testing Overview

clockLab Visit

15 Minute walk-in appointment.

samplesSample Required

Sample BloodBlood

dateResult Turnaround

usually in 1 business day

More About Bone Profile

These tests relate to thinning and possible fracturing of the bones a condition known as OSTEOPOROSIS. Almost 70% of fractures in persons older than 45 are due to osteoporosis
Some risk factors for osteoporosis are:

  • being a woman
  • being aged over 60
  • a family history of osteoporosis
  • being of Caucasian origin
  • having had an early menopause
  • being underweight
  • having a sedentary lifestyle
  • smoking

Urea and Creatinine
Urea and Creatinine in blood or urine, test for normal kidney function; also utilised in monitoring treatment for kidney disease. They are a part of a basic metabolic panel.

Sodium (Na), Potassium (K), Magnesium (Mg) Calcium (Ca) and others are part of basic metabolic panel. Their imbalance may be related to metabolic disorders and creates a multitude of symptoms from tiredness and muscle weakness to potentially fatal cardiac arrhythmias in some patients.

Albumin, Globulin, Total Protein
Albumin, Globulin and Total Protein are used to screen for liver disonders and nutritional deficiencies. Their levels may also be altered in Kidney disease.

Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP)
Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme found in high levels in bone and liver.
This is the reason it is used to screen for or monitor, treatment for a liver or bone disorder and is part of the liver function test profile.

Uric acid
Uric acid is produced by the breakdown of nitrogen-containing compounds found in the body in substances such as nucleic acids (DNA, RNA). They enter the circulation from digestion of certain foods, drinks (alcoholic beverages like beer and wine) or from normal breakdown and turnover of cells in the body. Most uric acid is removed by the kidneys and disposed of in the urine.
Excess uric acid can cause the condition called gout – an inflammation that occurs in joints when crystals derived from uric acid form in the joint fluid. Excess uric acid can also lead to kidney disease, as a result of deposition in the kidneys or kidney stone formation, as a result of increased urinary excretion.

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Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP)

Uric Acid

Total Protein


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